Leviticus 23:33 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 34 “Speak to the children of Israel, saying: ‘The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the Feast of Tabernacles for seven days to the Lord. 35 On the first day there shall be a holy convocation. You shall do no customary work on it. 36 For seven days you shall offer an offering made by fire to the Lord. On the eighth day you shall have a holy convocation, and you shall offer an offering made by fire to the Lord. It is a sacred assembly, and you shall do no customary work on it.
37 ‘These are the feasts of the Lord which you shall proclaim to be holy convocations, to offer an offering made by fire to the Lord, a burnt offering and a grain offering, a sacrifice and drink offerings, everything on its day— 38 besides the Sabbaths of the Lord, besides your gifts, besides all your vows, and besides all your freewill offerings which you give to the Lord.
39 ‘Also on the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you have gathered in the fruit of the land, you shall keep the feast of the Lord for seven days; on the first day there shall be a sabbath-rest, and on the eighth day a sabbath-rest. 40 And you shall take for yourselves on the first day the fruit of beautiful trees, branches of palm trees, the boughs of leafy trees, and willows of the brook; and you shall rejoice before the Lord your God for seven days. 41 You shall keep it as a feast to the Lord for seven days in the year. It shall be a statute forever in your generations. You shall celebrate it in the seventh month. 42 You shall dwell in booths for seven days. All who are native Israelites shall dwell in booths, 43 that your generations may know that I made the children of Israel dwell in booths when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the Lord your God.’ ”
This feast is a remembrance of the time the Israelites spent wandering in the wilderness. Where without God’s provision they would not have survived. He provided guidance, He quenched their thirst and satisfied hunger, and their clothes did not wear out. During this feast most of their time is supposed to be spent inside the sukkah. Eating and sleeping is a requirement, unless the weather doesn’t permit it, or someone is sick.
Historically these “booths” were also used to protect livestock. They were resting places for soldiers, shelter for watchers in the vineyard, and to protect from the sun and heat. Booths would dot all the harvest fields during harvest time, the workers would sleep and live in them.
Sukkot is a feast of Joy. A celebration that the agricultural year of hard labor was over. God gave them 7 days to set aside to worship Him for the bountiful harvest He provided. There is a lot of dancing and singing during this feast. They sing and dance and wave the 4 species/ Lulav & Etrog everyday, and the amount of sacrifices/offerings far outnumber any other feast. This is also one of the three feasts where they are required to make pilgrimage to Jerusalem to celebrate.
There are a lot of ceremonies and traditions that take place on this holiday, and maybe some year I will cover all of those, but I want to focus on how this feast relates to the End Times and the spiritual aspects of it.
One of the most exciting things about the fall feasts that I look forward to is the fulfillment of them by Jesus/Yeshua. Jesus all ready fulfilled the spring and summer feasts with His first coming. The fall feasts will be fulfilled with His 2nd coming. Studying the fall feasts really helps us understand the book of Revelation. For instance: we understand that Rosh Hashanah is the resurrection of the Church, and Yom Kippur is linked to judgement. We will see Sukkot fulfilling the New Heaven & New Earth.
Revelation 20:1 Then I saw an angel coming down from heaven, having the key to the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand. 2 He laid hold of the dragon, that serpent of old, who is the Devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand years; 3 and he cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal on him, so that he should deceive the nations no more till the thousand years were finished. But after these things he must be released for a little while.
4 And I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was committed to them. Then I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for their witness to Jesus and for the word of God, who had not worshiped the beast or his image, and had not received his mark on their foreheads or on their hands. And they lived and reigned with Christ for a thousand years. 5 But the rest of the dead did not live again until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection. 6 Blessed and holy is he who has part in the first resurrection. Over such the second death has no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with Him a thousand years.
God deems this feast as so important that the gentiles will be observing it in the millennial kingdom as well. Because of this I see even more reason for us to start celebrating this feast now!
Zechariah 14:16 And it shall come to pass that everyone who is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall go up from year to year to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, and to keep the Feast of Tabernacles. 17 And it shall be that whichever of the families of the earth do not come up to Jerusalem to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, on them there will be no rain. 18 If the family of Egypt will not come up and enter in, they shall have no rain; they shall receive the plague with which the Lord strikes the nations who do not come up to keep the Feast of Tabernacles. 19 This shall be the punishment of Egypt and the punishment of all the nations that do not come up to keep the Feast of Tabernacles.
Sukkot isn’t just about a physical harvest of crops, it’s also about a spiritual harvest. There are 2 harvests that have a physical and spiritual significance. The grapes and the olives.
Revelation 14:14 Then I looked, and behold, a white cloud, and on the cloud sat One like the Son of Man, having on His head a golden crown, and in His hand a sharp sickle. 15 And another angel came out of the temple, crying with a loud voice to Him who sat on the cloud, “Thrust in Your sickle and reap, for the time has come for You to reap, for the harvest of the earth is ripe.” 16 So He who sat on the cloud thrust in His sickle on the earth, and the earth was reaped.
17 Then another angel came out of the temple which is in heaven, he also having a sharp sickle. 18 And another angel came out from the altar, who had power over fire, and he cried with a loud cry to him who had the sharp sickle, saying, “Thrust in your sharp sickle and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth, for her grapes are fully ripe.” 19 So the angel thrust his sickle into the earth and gathered the vine of the earth, and threw itinto the great winepress of the wrath of God. 20 And the winepress was trampled outside the city, and blood came out of the winepress, up to the horses’ bridles, for one thousand six hundred furlongs.
This parallels Yeshua/Jesus’ parable of the wheat and weeds & using angels as His instrument to harvest. (Matthew 13) The crushing of grapes in the winepress represents God’s judgment in the Bible.
Joel 3:12 “Let the nations be wakened, and come up to the Valley of Jehoshaphat;
For there I will sit to judge all the surrounding nations.
13 Put in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe.
Come, go down;
For the winepress is full,
The vats overflow—
For their wickedness is”
The olive harvest starts in late summer before the Feast of trumpets/ Rosh Hashanah. A spiritual harvest that is happening right now.
Romans 11:13 I am talking to you Gentiles. In as much as I am the apostle to the Gentiles, I take pride in my ministry 14 in the hope that I may somehow arouse my own people to envy and save some of them. 15 For if their rejection brought reconciliation to the world, what will their acceptance be but life from the dead? 16 If the part of the dough offered as firstfruits is holy, then the whole batch is holy; if the root is holy, so are the branches.
17 If some of the branches have been broken off, and you, though a wild olive shoot, have been grafted in among the others and now share in the nourishing sap from the olive root, 18 do not consider yourself to be superior to those other branches. If you do, consider this: You do not support the root, but the root supports you. 19 You will say then, “Branches were broken off so that I could be grafted in.” 20 But they were broken off because of unbelief, and you stand by faith. Do not be arrogant, but tremble. 21 For if God did not spare the natural branches, he will not spare you either.
22 Consider therefore the kindness and sternness of God: sternness to those who fell, but kindness to you, provided that you continue in his kindness. Otherwise, you also will be cut off. 23 And if they do not persist in unbelief, they will be grafted in, for God is able to graft them in again. 24 After all, if you were cut out of an olive tree that is wild by nature, and contrary to nature were grafted into a cultivated olive tree, how much more readily will these, the natural branches, be grafted into their own olive tree!
25 I do not want you to be ignorant of this mystery, brothers and sisters, so that you may not be conceited: Israel has experienced a hardening in part until the full number of the Gentiles has come in, 26 and in this wayall Israel will be saved. As it is written:
“The deliverer will come from Zion;
he will turn godlessness away from Jacob.
27 And this is my covenant with them
when I take away their sins.”
28 As far as the gospel is concerned, they are enemies for your sake; but as far as election is concerned, they are loved on account of the patriarchs, 29 for God’s gifts and his call are irrevocable. 30 Just as you who were at one time disobedient to God have now received mercy as a result of their disobedience, 31 so they too have now become disobedient in order that they too may now receive mercy as a result of God’s mercy to you. 32 For God has bound everyone over to disobedience so that he may have mercy on them all.
Paul is talking about how the Olive Tree (Israel) have had some branches (people) broken off because they have rejected Yeshua/Jesus as their Messiah. As we are getting closer to that Great Day of the Lord more and more Jews are coming to salvation and being grafted back into the Olive Tree.
We as gentiles are grafted into this Olive Tree, because we Believe in Yeshua/Jesus as our savior. Basically we are Jewish Spiritually. Paul also talks about the fullness of the gentiles coming in. What does that look like? More and More we will have a church joined to Israel. Never before have you had churches so interested in their Jewish Roots. The last 50 years this has started to grow, and recently within the last 5 years it has started to gain huge momentum. Never before were shofars blown in a church, Passover is now being celebrated, you would have never heard the name Yeshua in a church before these last 50 years. These are very exciting times! The church is returning to what it would have been like in the book of Acts.
Because of these times we need to be even more determined & emboldened to go out and preach the Good News, we need to heal the sick, cast out demons, & preach repentance. Bring people to salvation and baptize them in Water & Spirit. We need to be a part of this spiritual harvest. God commands us to be! The harvest is ripe, but the workers are few!!!
So grapes being crushed in Bible represents = Judgment.
What do you get when you crush olives? OIL. Oil is a representation of the Holy Spirit in the Bible. So the olive harvest is linked to the great outpouring of the Holy Spirit in the End Times. We are living in times of great Immorality. Where good is evil and evil is good. But we are also living in times where the Holy Spirit is being poured out all over the world. I believe the Spirit will have a great outpouring on Jerusalem, the Jews and Israel, Just like the spirit was first poured out on Shavuot/Pentecost, and many Jews therefore will be grafted back into the Olive Tree.